The popular CW TV series has just kicked off its 12th season and remains one of the most highly watched and fan-supported show on TV. The show may have started out with the Winchester brothers battling various urban myths such as the Wendigo and the Lady in White, but in later seasons, Supernatural has focused more on the lore of angels and demons as its core backstory. While it’s obvious that characters such as Gabriel, Cain and Lucifer are based on their biblical counterparts, what about the other popular entities on the show?
According to ancient Jewish beliefs, there are seven Archangels and four of them are referenced the most, Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel. These angles have appeared on the show. There have also been some fake angels such as Zachariah, Samandriel, and Balthazar. Some of those names appear in the Bible, but they were not angels. Zachariah was a man, Samadriel is completely made-up and Balthazar was one of the three wise men.
But there are some more that are based on real angels and demons that you may not have expected.
Fan favorite Castiel is based on an angel known as Cassiel. He is not found in Christianity, but is present in Judaism and Jewish mysticism, such as Kabbalah. Modern mysticism refers to Cassiel as a female but there are also plenty of references that describe him has either male or genderless. Cassiel is an arcnangel and is the Angel of Temperence” and the “Angel of Serenity. He is one of the rulers of the planet Saturn, and is the controller of the moon. He is also associated with Saturday (Nope, not Thursday, sorry). He is associated with the Kefitzat Haderech which allows him the ability to travel quickly through space. Magic spells can also be cast using his name to create destruction, to scatter crowds or to cause a person to wander aimlessly.
It was surprising to find out that Metatron was actually based on a real angel, mainly because of his Transformer-eques name. But it turns out the name Metatron is based on several different people or entities depending on which text you read. In the Apocalypse of Zerubbabel, Metatron is identified as the archangel Michael. It also says that Metatron in gematria is the equivalent of Shadday. He also appears in the apocalyptic writings as the most prominent in the Apocalypse of Zerubbabel, and plays the role of heavenly interlocutor delivering knownlege about the coming messianic age.
In Judaism, he is known as the Recording Angel or the Chancellor of Heaven. The name Metatron is not mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
On the show, Crowley is known as the King of Hell whose real name is Fergus Roderick MacLeod. While the character does not seem to have any links to angels or demons, it is believed that he is based on a man named Aleister Crowley who was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist and mountaineer. He founded the religion of Thelema, and identified himself as the prophet entrusted with guiding humanity into the Aeon of Horus in the Early 20th Century. In his autobiography, Crowley claimed that his purpose in life had been to “bring oriental wisdom to Europe and to restore paganism in a purer form.”
In the Hebrew Bible, the term “Abbadon” appears six times in the Masoretic text. In it, abaddon means destruction or “place of destruction” or the realm of the dead. In some legends of Rabbinical literature, Abaddon is identified as a realm where the damned lie in fire and snow, one of the places in Gehenna that Moses visited.
In the New Testament, Abaddon is referred to as an entity and not an actual place.
Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.
In Revelation, Abaddon is described as a destroyer, the angel of the abyss, and as the king of a plague of locusts resembling horses with crowned human faces, women’s hair, lion’s teeth, wings and iron breast-plates. The locusts had a tail with a scorpion’s stinger that torments for five months anyone who does not have the seal of God on their foreheads.
(Who says the Bible isn’t entertaining?)
And finally we have
(As Cas would put it). I have to admit that the Leviathan season was not my favorite but, had to add this interesting “character” to the list.
The Leviathan is a sea monster referenced in the Tanakh: or the Old Testament. As far as modern research goes, the Leviathan is actually believed to be a giant whale.
In Psalm 74 “God is said to ‘break the heads of the Leviathan in pieces before giving his flesh to the people of the wilderness.” In Psalm 104 God is praised for having made all things, including Leviathan. And in Israel 27:1 he is called the “wriggling serpent” who will be killed at the end of time.